Ancient Rome Elagabalus Antoninianus and Denarius  218AD to 222AD
Ancient Rome Elagabalus Antoninianus and Denarius 218AD to 222AD

Elagabalus, also known under the Greek name Heliogabalus, was the 25th emperor of the Roman Empire. His reign was short, lasting from only 218 until 222 CE.

Much controversy has always surrounded his life, from ancient times until now. He was murdered in a riot by his own guard, after he stripped his younger cousin Severus Alexander (appointed co-emperor by his grandmother, probably to later replace him) of all his titles and revoked his consulship.

He was openly gay, having a relationship with a slave named Hierocles, whom Elagabalus referred to as his husband. He also allegedly later married another man named Zoticus, an athlete, though this is disputed, the only source being the ancient text Historia Augusta.

History lessons aside, let's get to the numismatic aspects of your coin.

The silver coins issued by Elagabalus were antoniniani and denarii (singular antoninianus and denarius). These coins can be told apart from their weight - an antoninianus should weigh around 3 grams, commonly just over, such as 3.1 to 3.2 grams. A denarius should weigh more, up to 4 grams. However, some smaller denarii minted towards the end of his reign can also weigh as little as 3 grams.

The surefire method for telling denarii and antoniniani from one another is simple: on an antoninianus, the emperor wears a radiate crown with upward spikes, while on a denarius, he wears a laureate (wreath) crown.

Now, as far as what the coins are worth, here are some very approximate catalog values:

worn: $30 US dollars approximate catalog value
average circulated: $40
well preserved: $75
fully uncirculated: $350

worn: $18
average circulated: $35
well preserved: $65
fully uncirculated: $275

Remember that these ancient coins each stand on their own merits. Coins with great eye appeal will be worth a lot more, and coins with terrible eye appeal will be worth a lot less than the values quoted above, even if the wear on the coin fits with the table. Also, these are catalog values. Refer to the 'Important Terminology' link in the menu on the top left in order to properly interpret these values.

Some legends found on the antoniniani include 'P M TR P COS P P' with a woman seated left holding a scepter, 'FIDES EXERCITVS' with a crowned man seated left holding a standard and an eagle, and 'FIDES MILITVM', with a man standing, holding a standard and a vexillum, also a type of battle standard.

Some legends found on the denarii include 'FORTVNAE REDVCI', with a man standing left holding a globe and a cornucopia, a horn of plenty; 'INVICTVS SACERDOS AVG' with a man standing left with his hand over a sacrificial altar, holding a club; and 'IOVI CONSERVATORI' with Jupiter standing left, holding a thunderbolt and a spear, often with a standard at his side.

Coin: 14816 , Genre: Ancient
Requested by: Moe, Mon, 01-Jul-2013 16:51:54 GMT
Answered by: Paul, Wed, 03-Jul-2013 03:17:12 GMT
Last review by CoinQuest: Thu, 18-Jun-2015 13:03:46 GMT
Requester description: Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria Writing not clear- after searching the net for similar coins, i found the above description. I can send u pictures
Tags: ancient rome elagabalus antoninianus denarius romana roman romanorum romen romanorvm roma anton antoninus 16 11 march antioch seleucis pieria syria net syrie syrian crown seat throne crowned tiara crowns tiarra crowning tiera stool sit sitted sitting sits seated god goddess cornucopia scepter stick branch rod staff spear eagle hawk falcon gods deus deum dei diety deity godess devm deo dom divine dios twigs stalks spray sprig limb twig sprays sprigs branching stalk branches branched sticks rods eaglets egals egal eagles eagel


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