Mexico 1/2, 1, 2, 4, and 8 Escudos  1825 to 1870
Mexico 1/2, 1, 2, 4, and 8 Escudos 1825 to 1870

The inscription 'Libertad en la ley' means 'Liberty in the law,' a worthy motto for the newly formed Mexican Republic. Mexico (Republica Mexicana) issued gold and silver coins using the old reales and escudo denominations until 1870. Decimal denominations centavos and pesos started appearing around 1863.

Here are some statistics for the old gold escudos:

1/2 ESCUDO: 14 mm diameter, 0.048 troy ounces gold
1 ESCUDO: 18 mm diameter, 0.095 troy ounces gold
2 ESCUDOS: 23 mm diameter, 0.190 troy ounces gold
4 ESCUDOS: 30 mm diameter, 0.381 troy ounces gold
8 ESCUDOS: 38 mm diameter, 0.762 troy ounces gold

To evaluate these coins, the first order of business is to figure the value of their raw gold content. Do this by going to a web site such as and finding the current price of gold. Right now it is $1368 US dollars per troy ounce, but tomorrow it will be different. Look it up!

Once you know the value of gold, multiply it by the troy ounces in your coin. For instance, if you have a 4 escudo, multiply by 0.381 like this: 0.381 x 1368 = $521 US dollars gold value.

Assuming your coin is in decent shape, without holes, cleanings, scrapes, gouges and the like, there is additional value over the gold value. This collector premium comes from the demand coin collectors produce when they want to add a specimen to their collections.

Here are some approximate collector premiums for these old escudo gold pieces:

worn: $10 US dollars added to basic gold value
uncirculated: $50

worn: $20 US dollars
uncirculated: $80

worn: $40 US dollars
uncirculated: $120

worn: $60 US dollars
uncirculated: $200

worn: $80 US dollars
uncirculated: $320

These are very approximate values and can be low or high (mostly low) depending on many factors. Avid collectors of Mexican coins search for rare mint marks and special initials on the coins which make them more valuable.

If you have a nice coin in good condition, it would be wise to consider authentication, grading, and encapsulation by one of these services: PCGS, NGC, ICG, ANACS. Look them up on the Internet. Do not use other services.

Coin: 5954 , Genre: Colonizers and Colonies
Requested by: , Thu, 11-Nov-2010 13:54:51 GMT
Answered by: Paul, Mon, 09-Sep-2013 03:16:58 GMT
Last review by CoinQuest: Fri, 11-Sep-2015 22:23:29 GMT
Requester description: its a very small coin about the size of a pinky finger nail made of 22k gold its original from 1866
Tags: mexico 1 2 4 8 escudos escudo mex mexicana mexicanos mexio mexicano mexican escvdo escudus pinky finger nail gold au goldish golden goldenen republica republic libertad liberty ley repub repbulique republik republ republican republicas republicia reipvblicae republiove republiek repvbliqve republique repvbblica republika rebublique repvblica republicans repvblique liberate liberte libertas libertao liberta libertate liberdad libertatis book bible hat cap headdress eagle hawk falcon snake serpent books helmeted hood caps headband hooded helmet bonnet helmit helmets eaglets egals egal eagles eagel asps snakes asp


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